Plant Science Bulletin archive
Issue: 1981 v27 No 2 Summer
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
VOLUME 27, NUMBER 2, APRIL, 1981
Emanuel D. Rudolph, Editor, Department of Botany, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210
The Plant Science Bulletin is published six times a year, February, April, June, August, October, and December, at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Subscriptions $10.00/yr. Change of address should be sent to Editor. Second class postage paid at Columbus, OH.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
NOTES FOR ANNUAL MEETING AT INDIANA UNIVERSITY
NOTES FOR ANNUAL MEETING AT INDIANA UNIVERSITY
Earlier announcements in the Bulletin and the Journal (Vol. 68, #1, January) listed the titles of symposia and special sessions to be held during the meeting. Details of field trips have been given in the March, 1981, issue of BioScience.
This issue of BioScience also contains all other basic information concerning faci1ities at Indiana University, transportation arrangements, housing, and registration forms. Botanical Society members who do not receive BioScience may obtain a brochure reprint of the published material by writing to AIBS, 1401 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22209, Attention: Meetings Department.
The deadline for advance registration is July 10, 1981. All advance registrants will be mailed a copy of the printed program. A copy of the printed abstracts of papers to be presented in sessions of the Botanical Society will be mailed to all members of the Society in advance of the meetings.
It is appropriate to call to the attention of members certain arrangements concerning the annual banquet. The banquet will occur at 7:00 P.M., Wednesday, August 19, with a preceding social hour at 5:45 P.M. Capacity for the banquet will be limited, and in accordance with the policy of Indiana University which requires that guarantees be set 48 hours in advance, banquet tickets must be purchased by 4:00 P.M. on Monday, August 17.
MEASUREMENT AND REPORTING GUIDELINES FOR PLANT GROWTH CHAMBER ENVIRONMENTS
By James C. McFarlane, Exposure Assessment Research Division, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Las Vegas, NV 89114
Plant scientists have been using mechanically controlled environments to make significant contributions to the science of botany, however, often haphazard and incomplete environmental measurements have made it difficult, if not impossible, to gain the full utility of this research. Concern for completeness and accuracy of these measurements has been the driving force behind an effort to establish a set of guidelines useful in conducting and reporting research in plant growth chambers.
Guidelines were developed initially by members of the USDA, North Central Re9ion Growth Chamber Use Committee (NCR-101) and were extensively critiqued, amended and expanded by the American Society of Horticultural Science (ASHS) Controlled Environments and Growth Chamber Working Group and the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) Structures and Environment Committee (SE 303). These guidelines were then presented to over 100 participants at a 3-day Controlled Environments Working Conference (University of Wisconsin, March 1979) sponsored by the above groups and the Biotron at the University of Wisconsin. The importance of each environmental parameter and the current measurement
techniques was presented by an accomplished scientist working primarily in that research area. The proposed guidelines were next presented by a member of the NCR-101 committee and several hours of open discussion followed. Based on the detailed discussion some modifications were made and the guidelines along with the entire proceedings were published by Academic Press as "ControlledEnvironmentGuidelinesforPlantResearch" (ed. T. W. Tibbitts and T. T. Kozlowski, 1979).
These guidelines, summarized in Table 1, reflect the current thinking of many scientists, engineers and manufacturers. They provide recommendations on types of instruments to utilize for measurement, where and when measurements should be taken, and the format and units that should be utilized in reporting the environment of each study. The guidelines have incorporated Standard International units to a large extent. It is anticipated that these guidelines will be continually updated as instrumentation is improved and the need for greater environmental precision is demanded by environmental researchers. A listing of useful instruments for making measurements to meet these guidelines can be obtained by writing to the Growth Chamber Working Group, American Society for Horticultural Science, Mt. Vernon, VA, 22121.
The adoption of these guidelines by re- searches will significantly improve the quality of environmental research and greatly aid in making comparisons among studies conducted in different laboratories.
Young Botanists Recognition Awards:
Nominations, with appropriate documentation, should be forwarded to Barbara Webster, Chairperson, Membership and Appraisal Committee, Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, by May 15, 1981.
Biosis Indexes 5,000,000th Citation:
In 1961, BIOSIS published its millionth abstract; reflecting the explosive growth of the life science literature, the 2,000,000 mark was reached in 1968. By the end of 1972, the 3,000,000th citation had been added to the data base, and in 1976, the golden anniversary of BIOSIS, the 4,000,000 milestone was reached.
Linda Hall Library Publication:
Aquatic Weed Information and Retrieval Center:
Botanical Illustration Exhibits:
Horticultural Tour of China:
Curator-Professorship in Botany:
in the Department of Biology at Harvard University. The position involves teaching and research in economic and organismic botany; research experience in the tropics will be an advantage. The appointment will eventually include the Curatorship of the Botanical Museum. The salary range starts from $30,800. Letters of application, with resume and three references, should be sent by April 1, 1981, to Professor Peter S. Ashton, Harvard University Herbaria Building, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. An affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.
Fulbright Opportunities Abroad:
Andrew Denny Rodgers III a contributor to the history of American botany and a 1956 recipient of a Botanical Society of America Certificate of Merit died in his home in Columbus, Ohio on January 7, 1981 at the age of 80, having been born January 19, 1900. His seven scholarly biographies of American botanists or periods of American botany are significant documents for understanding the development of plant sciences.
Elzada U. Clover, Professor Emeritus at the University of Michigan died at the age of 83 in San Juan, Texas on November 2, 1980.
Dr. Philip D. Cantino will join the faculty of the Department of Botany at Ohio University, Athens, this fall, 1981. He received his doctorate from Harvard under the direction of Dr. Reed Rollins, specializing in systematics of Labiatae. He is currently on the curatorial staff of the Gray Herbarium.
MEETINGS AND COURSES
Symposium on Plant Products:
Electron Microscopy Course:
1982 AETFAT Congress:
Aquatic Plants in the Great Lakes to be held on Tuesday April 28, 1981, at the Great Lakes-81, XXIV Conference-International Association for Great Lakes Research, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, April 28-30, 1981. For further information write to: Dr. Ronald L. Stuckey, Department of Botany, The Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210.
Second Solanaceae Conference. The Second Solanaceae Conference will be held at the Missouri Botanical Garden, 3-6 August 1982. All interested in attending or submitting papers should contact me as soon as possible. Abstracts should be received before 1 April 1982.
The first Solanaceae Conference was held in Birmingham, England, in 1975 under the guidance of Prof. J. G. Hawkes and R. N. Lester. This was a highly rewarding event to those who attended, and it resulted in publication of an important volume of proceedings: The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae, eds. J. G. Hawkes, R. N. Lester and A. D. Skelding, published for the Linnaean Society of
London by Academic Press. Emphasizing the systematics of the family, sessions were held on floristics, biosystematics, cytogenetics, morphology, evolution, chemotaxonoy, generic considerations and other aspects of Solanaceae study. A series of relaxed evenings of discussion and slide shows added greatly to the interchanges of ideas and information.
The Second Solanaceae Conference will proceed along similar lines, and it is hoped a good attendance and presentation of stimulating papers will greatly further knowledge of this important plant family. Suggestions as to format and content of the Conference are eagerly requested. Contact: W. G. D’Arcy, Missouri Botanical Garden, Post Office Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166
Geologic Factors and The Evolution Of Plants. Sponsored by the Paleobotanical Section,Botanical Society of America to be held at the Third North American Paleontological Conference, August 5,6,7, 1982, Montreal.
Contributors to the symposium will be asked to address the effects of geological factors upon the evolutionary history of plants or the reciprocal influence of plants upon geological processes. Both botanical and geological perspectives are desired, and an interdisciplinary approach is essential. Interested parties are invited to submit a title and abstract (on a form available from the secretary) of the material they intend to cover to the steering committee on or before Aug. 1, 1981. The steering committee will choose from among the submissions so as to render the final presentations of uniform content and quality. Acceptance/rejection notification will be made before the NAPC III contributed paper deadline of Sept. 15, 1981. Participants in the symposium will be invited to submit a manuscript at the time of the symposium for inclusion in a symposium volume. Please direct questions and prospective titles to Bruce H. Tiffney, Secretary, Symposium Steering Committee, Dept. of Biology, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, P.O. Box 6666, New Haven, CT 06511, U.S.A.
RECENT BOTANICAL BOOKS
Ayensu, Edward S., ed. Jungles. Crown Pub1ishers, 1 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1980. 200 p., illus. ISBN 0-5l7-54l36-X. $35.00 (A folio sized book written with the help of many consultants and endorsed by the World Wild-life Fund that is a beautifully illustrated introduction to jungle life, from plants to humans and their activities.)
Bainbridge, Brian W. The Genetics of Microbes. (Tertiary Level Biology). A Halsted Press Book, John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1980. x + 193 p., illus. ISBN 0-47-26995-2. $27.95 (A concise introduction that considers developments using bacteriophages, bacteria, and fungi.)
Barron, Lance S. and Frank R. Ettensohn. A Bibliography of the Paleontology and Paleoecology of the Devonian-Mississippi Black-Shale Sequence in North America. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center, Morgantown WV 26505, 1980. 86 p., paper. Request copy from D. W. Simon, Librarian. (A 1193 item alphabetical listing of papers by author with a taxonomic and general index.)
Barry, John M. Natural Vegetation of South Carolina. Univ. of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC 29208, 1980. xii 214 p., illus. ISBN 0-87249-384-9 cloth; 0-87249-214-1 paper. $19.50 cloth; $5.95 paper. (An illustrated general introduction to the diverse vegetation of the state.)
Bensen, Lyman. Plant Classification. 2nd ed. D. C. Heath and Co., 125 Spring Street, Lexington, MA 02173, 1979. xxiv + 901 p., illus. ISBN 0-669-01489-3. $22.95 (A revision, after 22 years, of a standard textbook of vascular plant classification that includes chapters on structures and floristics.)
Carlquist, Sherwin. Hawaii, A Natural History; Geology, Climate, Native Flora and Fauna Above the Shoreline. 2nd ed. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 340 Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 96765, 1980. [xii] + 468 p., illus. Paper (no price given) (A new edition of a work presenting the unique biological problems of Hawaii including chapters on lobelioids and silverswords, and information about the biological regions of the main islands and the Leeward chain.)
Clements, Harry F. Sugarcane Crop Logging and Crop Control; Principles and Practices. The University Press of Hawaii, 2840 Kolowalu St., Honolulu, HA 96822, 1980. xx + 520 p., illus. ISBN 0-8248-0508-9. $30.00 (An original approach to crop production that utilizes a continuous log of plant development relating the data to potential problems
with much actual data given of interest to plant physiologists, ecologists, and plant anatomists.)
Dropkin, Victor H. Introduction to Plant Nematology. John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1980. xv + 293 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-05578-6. $26.00 (A survey written for students.)
Flowers in Books and Drawings ca. 940 - 1840. The Pierpont Morgan Library, 29 East 36th St., New York, NY 10016, 1980. u. p., pls. ISBN 87598-072-4. $8.50 paper. (The descriptive catalogue, with brief introductory essay, of an exhibit of remarkable and rare plant illustrations.)
Galston, Arthur W., Peter J. Davies, and Ruth L. Satter. The Life of the Green Plant. 3rd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, 1980. xvi + 464 p. ISBN 0-13-536326-8 cloth; 0-13-536318-7 paper. (price not given) (A new multi-authored edition of an introductory textbook of plant physiologv last appearing in 1964 and now doubled in size.)
Godfrey, Michael A. A Sierra Club Naturalist's Guide to the Piedmont. Sierra Club, 530 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94108, 1980. xii + 500 p., illus. ISBN 87156-268-5 cloth; 87156-269-3 paper. $19.95 cloth; $9.95 paper. (A guide to an area from parts of New Jersey and New York in the north to Alabama in the south which contains much of botanical interest on ecology and floristics.)
Hardigree, Peggy. The Edible Indoor- Garden; A Complete Guide to Growing Over 60 Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs Indoors. St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, 1980. 298 p., illus. ISBN 0-312-23690-5. $7.95 paper. (Although not written for botanists, this book has much practical information about cultivation of plants in rooms or greenhouses that will he useful to those needing living plant materials all year round.)
Hayes, Elizaheth S. Spices and Herbs, Lore and Cookery. Dover Publications, 180 Varick St., New York, NY 10014, 1980. (Reprint of 1961 ed.) 266 p., illus. ISBN 0-486-24026-6. $3.50 paper. (An anecdotal history of spices and herbs originally titled "Spices and Herbs Around the World" written for gardeners and cooks, yet with something of interest to botanists.)
Heiser, Charles B., Jr. The Gourd Book. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 73019, 1979. viii + 248, illus. ISBN 0-8061-1524-6. $14.95 (A well illustrated and documented survey that relates the various gourds, and particularly the bottle gourd, to human uses and history.)
Holm, LeRoy G., Donald L. Plunckett, Juan V. Pancho, and James P. Herberger. The World's Worst Weeds, Distribution and Biology. The University Press of Hawaii, 2840 Kolwalu St., Honolulu, HA 06822, 1977. xii + 609 p., illus. ISBN 0-8248- 0295-0 $40.00 (A detailed consideration, with a 21 page bibliography, of 76 destructive species with greatest emphasis on the 18 worst, as well as a discussion of 16 of the most important crop plants and their weedy competitors.)
Kapraun, Donald F. An Illustrated Guide to the Benthic Marine Algae of Coastal North Carolina. I Rhodophyta. University of North Carolina Press, Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27514,1980. (vii) + 206 p., illus. ISBN 0-8078-4063-7. $15.00 (A black and white illustrated Guide with keys, descriptions, and distributional information written with students in mind.)
McCov, Doyle. Roadside Wild Fruits of Oklahoma. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 73019, 1980. xiii + 82 p., illus. ISBN 0-8061-1626-9. $8.95 paper. (A popular Guide, with fine color illustrations, of 105 fruits with descriptions, common names, wildlife and human uses.)
Menninger, Edwin A. Edible Nuts of the World. Horticultural Books - P.O. Box 107 Stuart, FL 33495, 1977. viii + 175 p., illus. ISBN 0-96000-4-5. $14.95 + 65¢ postage. (A wealth of information, some original and some from others, is contained in this richly illustrated book about nuts, defined as, "any hard shelled fruit or seed of which the kernel is eaten by mankind," thus including such fruits as grains and some legumes. The emphasis is on human food uses.)
Miflin, B. J., ed. The Biochemistry of Plants, a Comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 5, Amino Acids and Derivatives. Academic Press, 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003,1980. xvi + 670 p., illus. ISBN 0-12-675405-5. (Price not given.) (A multi-authored survey which includes two chapters on nitrogen fixation.)
Nuttall, Thomas. A Journal of Travels into the Arkansas Territory During the Year 1819. Edited by Savoie Lottinville. The University of Oklahorla Press, 1005 Asp Ave., Norman, OK 73019, 1980 xxviii
+361 p., illus., maps. ISBN 0-8061-1598-X. $25.00 (A reprint of the 1821 Philadelphia edition, with significant editorial notes, of a trip from Philadelphia to the Ohio River, the Mississippi River, then west into the present states of Arkansas and Oklahoma, and back to the Mississippi River to New Orleans.)
Preiss, Jack, ed. The Biochemistry of Plants, a Comprehensive Treatise. Volume 3, Carbohydrates: Structure and Function. Academic Press, 111 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003,1980. xvi + 644 p., illus.
Reid, Robert A. and Rachel M. Leech. Biochemistry and Structure of Cell Organelles. (Tertiary Level Biology.) A Halsted Press Book, John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1980. 176 p., illus. ISBN 0-470-26980-4 cloth; 0-470-26981-2 paper. $34.95 cloth: $18.95 paper. (Chapters on the nucleus, plastids, mitochrondria, microbodies, E.R., lysosomes, organelles in space and time, and organelles and neuromuscular activity written for undergraduate students without ready access to research papers.)
Smith, J. Robert, with Beatrice S. Smith. The Prairie Garden; 70 Native Plants You Can Grow in Town or Country. University of Wisconsin Press, 114 North Murray St., Madison, WI 53715,1980. viii + 219 p., i11us. ISBN 0-299-08300-4 cloth; 0-299-08304-7 paper. $22.50 cloth; $9.95 paper. (An introduction to cultivating prairie plants particularly 70 of them which are described and illustrated.)
Solbrig, Otto T., ed. Demography and Evolution in Plant Populations. (Botanical Monographs Vol 15) University of California Press, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720,1980. xiv + 222 P., illus. ISBN 0-520-03931-9. $32.50 (A work containing chapters by experts on populations as they relate to natural selection, genetic structure, mating patterns, vegetative reproduction, agricultural and tropical systems, demographic factors, and biology of seeds in the soil.)
Solbrig, Otto T., Subodh Jain, George B. Johnson, and Peter H. Raven, eds. Topics in Plant Population Biology. Columbia University Press, 562 West 113th St., New York, NY 10025, 1979. xvii + 589 p., illus. ISBN 0-231-04336-8. $25.00 (Dedicated to G. Ledyard Stebbins, with a review by him of fifty years of plant evolution, this book has papers on topics of adaptation and genetic variation, life-cycles, energy and nutrient use, and projections for the future.)
Staba, E. John, ed. Plant Tissue Culture as a Source of Biochemicals. CRC Press, 2000 N.W. 24th St., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1980. (viii) + 285 p., illus. ISBN 0-8493-5557-5. $69.95 domestic, $79.95 foreign. (A multi-authored volume considering the theory and practice of a potentially important industrial use of plants.)
Szczawinski, Adam F. and Nancy J. Turner. Wild Green Vegetables of Canada. (Edible Wild Plants of Canada no. 4) National Museum of Canada, Distributed in the U.S. by University of Chicago Press, 5801 S.
Taylor, Ronald J. and Alan E. Leviton, eds., with the assistance of Margaret Berson. The Mosses of North America; an Inquiry into the Biology of Mosses Based Upon a Symposium Sponsored by the Pacific Section, Botanical Society of America. Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, c/o California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA 94118. Available from Secretary, AAAS Pacific Division, 1980. 170 p. illus. ISBN 0-934394-02-4. $11.95 paper. (Papers that consider fossil mosses, cytology and reproductive biology, physiological ecology, diversity, and phytogeography of mosses.)
Tolbert, N. E., ed. The Biochemistry of Plants, A comprehensive Treatise. Vol. 1, The Plant Cell. Academic Press, 111 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003, 1980. xvi + 705 p., illus. ISBN 0-12-675401-2(v.l). (Price not given) (A multi-authored state-of-the-art survey covering the cell and its parts including chapters on uses of cell cultures in biochemistry and blue-green algae.)
Thimann, Kenneth V., ed. Senescence in Plants. CRC Press, 2000 N.W. 24th St., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1980. (xii) + 276 p., illus. ISBN 0-8493-5803-5. $69.95 domestic, $79.95 foreign. (a multi-authored treatment that considers angiosperm leaves, seeds, fruits, whole plants, and also fungi.)
Tomlinson, P. B. The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. With 166 full page illustrations by Priscilla Fawcett. The Author, Harvard Forest,
Petersham, MA 01366, 1980. ix + 480 p. $22.50 paper. (A beautifully illustrated introduction to over 100 species found in the southern tip of Florida and not anywhere else in the U.S. which emphasizes developmental stages, structural features, and biology.)
Williams, Louis O. and Paul H. Allen. Orchids of Panama; A Facsimile Reprint of Orchidaceae, Flora of Panama; With a Checklist of the Orchids of Panama as Known Today by Robert L. Dressler. Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, Mo 63166 (Monographs in Systematic Botany, vol. 4), 1980. viii + 590 + xxvi p., illus. $28.95 paper prepaid ($29.95 if invoiced). (The out-of- print orchid parts of the Flora of Panama treating them in one volume together with a new checklist bringing the information up to date.)
Shoals Marine Laboratory; Appledore Island, Isles of Shoals, Maine is offering two courses that might be of interest to readers: Adaptation in Marine Organisms and Field Phycology. Shoals Marine Laboratory is a cooperative filed station of Cornell University and The University of New Hampshire. More information can be obtained from Shoals MarineLaboratory, G-14 Stimpson Hall, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY 14853, call (607) 256-3717