Plant Science Bulletin archive
Issue: 1979 v25 No 3 Fall
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
VOLUME 25, NUMBER 3, SEPTEMBER, 1979
Richard M. Klein, Editor, Department of Botany, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405
Change of Address. Notify the Treasurer of the Botanical Society of America. Inc., Dr. Barbara D. Webster. Department of Agronomy & Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.
Subscriptions for libraries and for persons not members of the Society can be obtained for $10.00 per year. Orders plus checks payable to "Botanical Society of America. Inc." should be sent directly to the Treasurer of the Society.
Manuscripts for the Plant Science Bulletin should be submitted to the editor. The Bulletin welcomes announcements, notes, notices and items of general interest to members of the Botanical Society and to the botanical community at large. No charge for inclusion of notices is made. Material submitted must be typed, double-spaced and in duplicate. Copy should follow the style of recent issues of the Bulletin.
Microfilms of the Plant Science Bulletin are available from University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
The Plant Science Bulletin is published quarterly at the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405. Second class postage paid at Burlington. VT.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Colloquium on Increased Communication, Cooperation, and Exchanges between Botanists of the United States and the People's Republic of China
From mid-May through mid-June 1978, a delegation of 10 botanists representing the Botanical Society of America was privileged to visit numerous research institutes and universities in the People's Republic of China. In May 1979 a reciprocal 10-person delegation of Chinese botanists visited diverse sites in the United States. On 1 June 1979 a colloquium was held at the University of California, Berkeley, attended by the visiting Chinese delegation, representatives of the American delegation, and by other interested parties, to summarize progress that was achieved as a result of this exchange, to suggest steps to be taken to build upon the strong personal and scientific bonds that have been established, and to insure even greater communication, cooperation and exchange between American and Chinese botanists in the future. Following is a brief summary of the major conclusions reached by the colloquium.
1) There was enthusiastic agreement that the visits by the delegations were scientifically productive and highly enlightening; both groups expressed their deep gratitude and sincere appreciation to the many individuals and institutions that contributed to the success of their respective visits.
2) There was unanimous agreement that exchanges of this type are especially important and desirable--indeed, virtually required--in such field-oriented sciences as botany and paleobotany. Unlike mathematics and many other scientific disciplines, the nature of the subject matter investigated often requires that the botanist personally examine, study and collect floristic material in situ; such studies can only be accomplished via first-hand visits to areas of interest.
3) The importance of botany to humans was also stressed, as was the relevance of paleobotanical and palynological research to the search for and discovery of untapped mineral resources; with regard to these and many other aspects of economic botany, botanists and paleobotanists in both countries have much to learn from and to contribute to one another.
4) With regard to the laboratory-oriented aspects of botany, there was complete agreement that exchange visits of scientists between Chinese and American laboratories were absolutely essential. Such studies hold promise for achieving major increases in crop viability and productivity, but they are both time-consuming and technically demanding. For this reason, the exchange of scientists should be for relatively long- term visits (on the order of months) rather than for short-term ones.
5) For both American and Chinese botanists, there was consensus that there is much to be gained from an increase of communication, cooperation and exchanges between botanists and botanical institutions of the two countries. Insofar as possible, such exchanges should take place at a person-to- person or institution-to-institution level. Many universities and other organizations in the two countries have begun actively to pursue and implement such possibilities. To further these goals, and build upon the solid base of friendship, respect and cooperation established as a result of the reciprocal visits of the two delegations, the colloquium made the following specific suggestions and proposals.
a) to facilitate international communication, botanical and related scientific societies in the two countries should exchange membership lists indicating the addresses and areas of scientific interest of their members;
b) collaborative research programs in all aspects of the botanical sciences should be expanded rapidly, and exchange visits of individuals, even more so than of delegations, should be encouraged and vigorously supported;
c) the exchange of journals, reprints and of scientific specimens--in short, of the materials on which the science is based--both between individuals and between scientific institutions in the two countries--should be expanded, as should the exchange of materials useful in botanical education;
d) exchange visits by students of the botanical and allied sciences, especially by students at the graduate and post-graduate level, should continue to be encouraged and facilitated between the two countries;
e) the American botanists proposed to the Chinese that a small team of Americans participate in a regularly scheduled Chinese botanical expedition in 1980 or 1981 as a means of re-establishing cooperative field-oriented programs, and the Chinese proposed corresponding study visits by Chinese taxonomists to American herbaria and other botanical centers. The details of implementing these proposals are receiving further consideration.
f) it was mutually agreed to begin a series of joint Chinese-American botanical symposia, as early as the summer of 1980 if possible, with the host country selecting the topics and inviting the participants. It was also agreed to extend invitations to botanists of both countries to participate in each other's annual botanical meetings.
g) a reciprocal program of translation of botanical books, audio-visual films and tapes, papers and other scientific and educational materials was seen as highly desirable and means for the implementation of such a program are being considered. Specifically, consultations will continue: on the possibility of translating the Flora of China, an: 80-volume work now being published as the collective effort of the Chinese systematic-botany community, into English and publishing it.
h) an exhibition of photographs of China taken more than 60 years ago by the plant explorer E. H. Wilson, supplemented by photographs of Chinese plants he collected, now grown to maturity in the United States, will be duplicated, subject to the availability of funds, and offered to the Chinese for display in the People's Republic of China. This is a joint project of the Arnold Arboretum and the Morris Arboretum.
i) Chinese and American botanists are encouraged and will be invited to prepare articles for publication in the journal of the other country, subject to normal review procedures and editorial practices.
Tang Pei-sung (Leader, Chinese Botanical Delegation to the United States; Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica Peking)
Peter Raven (Chairman, Botanical Society of America Committee for Scientific Liaison with the People's Republic of China; Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis)
Herbert Baker (President, Botanical Society of America University of California, Berkeley)
Bruce Bartholomew (University of California, Berkeley)
John Beaman (U.S. National Science Foundation, Washington, DC)
Winslow Briggs (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA)
Chiu Bing-chun (Foreign Affairs Bureau, Academia Sinica, Peking)
Thomas Duncan (University of California, Berkeley)
Thomas Elias (Cary Arboretum of the New York Botanical Garden, Millbrook, NY)
Fan Sheng-ting (Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Academia Sinica, Shanghai)
William Jensen (Past President, Botanical Society of America; University of California, Berkeley)
Li Xing-xue (Nanking Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Academia Sinica, Nanking)
J. William Schopf (University of California, Los Angeles)
Sheng Cheng-kui (Kiangsu Institute of Botany, Nanking)
Jane Shen-Miller (U.S. National Science Foundation, Washington, DC)
Stephen Spongberg (Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Jamaica Plains, MA)
Richard Starr (University of Texas, Austin, TX)
Su Feng-lin (Foreign Affairs Bureau, Academia Sinica, Peking)
William Tai (Michigan State University, East Lansing)
Wu Cheng-yi (Yunnan Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming)
Yin Hung-chang (Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai)
Yü Te-tsun (Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Peking)
A delegation from the Botanical Society of the People's Republic of China toured the United States from 1 May to 1 June 1979 as guests of the Botanical Society of America. This visit was a follow-up to the trip to China last summer (Shen-Miller, 1979; Bartholomew, Elias and Howard, 1979; Thorhaug, 1979); details and report of the U.S. trip is presented in Botany in China, edited by Anitra Thorhaug and available for $7.50 ($8.50 if an invoice is requested) from the Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO
The visiting delegation consisted of Tang Peisung, chairman of the delegation, president of the Botanical Society of the People's Republic and director of the Botany Institute of Beijing (Peking); Yin Hongzhang, president of the Chinese Society of Plant Physiologists and director of the Plant Physiology Institute of Shanghai; Wu Chenyi, director of the Botany Institute of Yunnan; Xu Jen, chairman of Paleobotany of the Botany Institute of Beijing; Shen Chenkui, director of the Nanking Botanical Garden; Li Hsinxu, chairman of Paleontology, Nanking Geology Institute; Yü Tetsun, deputy director of the Botany Institute of Beijing and vice-president of the Botanical Society; Fan Shenting, assistant professor of plant chemistry of the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica; Su Fenglin, bureau chief of scientific exchanges with North America and Australia in the Foreign Affairs Bureau; scientific exchanges with North America and Australia in the Foreign Affairs Bureau; and Chiu Pingchin, interpreter.
At each stop, the groups visited several institutions and because of the many requests to host the delegations, visits were arranged on weekends and botanists traveled great distances to meet the Chinese botanists. It was a great feeling to see the enthusiasm and friendship established between the hosts and guests.
In general, the Chinese were most interested in current developments in research and teaching. They were very interested in the application of knowledge of other disciplines such as the use of computers for data analysis, information storage and retrieval, the use of transmission and scanning electron microscopy and biochemical techniques used in systematics. The physiologists were interested in photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, plant hormones and plant byproducts. Because the Chinese are preparing an 80 volume China Flora, the systematists were especially interested in seeing type specimens of Chinese taxa in our herbaria. The vegetation of those regions of the U.S. having similar natural conditions as parts of China. Plant domestications and introductions were important as were herbaria and botanical garden management. The Chinese expressed strong interest in exchanges of specimens, seeds and plants and in the exchange of students, teachers and researchers. They invited several botanists to visit Chinese institutions or to attend meetings in China next year and several U.S. institutions have submitted proposals to the Chinese for future collaboration.
The Chinese were very frank about the current status of botany and indicated the need to make up for lost time. It was noted that they have a good deal to offer the United States including natural resources (germ plasm), their waste recycling process and studies in medicinal plants so that future cooperation will benefit both countries. The Chinese made every effort to visit old friends. Dr. Tang, for example, had dinners with his old department head, Dr. Ralph Wetmore and fellow students Dr. Fred Skinner and Dr. Stacy French. Dr. Yin visited his major professor, Dr. Frits Went and fellow student Dr. James Bonner.
The delegation left San Francisco on 2 June although its leader, Dr. Tang, stayed behind to continue travels in the United States and to visit Canada. Dr. Tang was honored by election to Corresponding Member of the Botanical Society during his attendance at the AIBS meeting in Stillwater in August.
Prior to leaving the United States, a meeting was held at the University of California, Berkeley to explore possibilities and expedite future cooperation. The meeting was attended by the full Chinese delegation, by representative of the American botanical community. Dr. Herbert Baker, president of the Botanical Society represented the Society. The text of the
agreement reached at this meeting is published above.
The Chinese delegation has returned to China, leaving behind a very warm feeling in the hearts of American botanists.
Drs. Alan Orr, David Dilcher, Patrick Healy, Diana Stein and Dieter Wilken were appointed by President William Jensen to serve as an ad hoc committee to "report at the next council meeting and recommend to the Council 1) if the Plant Science Bulletin should continue as a publication of the Society, and 2) if it is to remain a publication, what form it should take." The committee undertook an attitude survey of the membership and sought the advice of members of the Council and other members of the Society.
Based on personal suggestions and on the results of the survey (330 members of the Society responded), the committee recommended and the council and the membership approved, that the following procedures should be followed:
A meeting of the editor and one member of the editorial board was held at the Stillwater meetings to begin to fulfill the recommendations and vote of the Council and the membership. The Editor welcomes suggestions from the membership.
To DAVID W. BIERHORST, University of Massachusetts
To MARGARET H. FULFORD, University of Cincinnati
To ANTON LANG, Michigan State University
To SAMUEL N. POSTLETHWAIT, Purdue University
To G. BENJAMIN BOUCK, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle
NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN AWARD
To KENNETH V. THIMANN, University of California, Santa Cruz
JESSIE M. GREENMAN AWARD
To FRANK ALMEDA, JR., California Academy of Sciences, for his publication "Systematics of the genus Monochaetum (Melastomataceae) in Mexico and Central America" published in the University of California Publications in Botany. This monographic study is based on a Ph.D. dissertation from the Department of Botany, Duke University.
LAWRENCE MEMORIAL FUND
The recipient of the Award is selected from among candidates nominated by their major professors. Nominations are accepted for students from any country and the Award is made strictly on the basis of merit--the recipient's general scholarly promise and the significance of the research proposed.
This year's Award, the first, goes to MICHAEL J. BALICK, a student of Dr. Richard Schultes at Harvard
RALPH E. ALSTON AWARD
JOHN C. LADUKE, Ohio State University, for his paper entitled "The flavonoid chemistry and systematics of Tithonia Desf. (Compositae)."
ISABEL C. COOKSON PALEOBOTANICAL AWARD
WM. A. DIMICHELE, University of Illinois, Urbana, for his paper entitled "Distribution and evolution of Lepidodendron and Lepidophlois in Upper Carboniferous coal swamps. "
GEORGE R. COOLEY AWARD
FRED R. GANDERS, University of British Columbia, BRUCE A. BOHM, University of British Columbia, and TIMOTHY PLOWMAN, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, for their paper entitled "Systematics and evolution of the cultivated cocas."
STEVEN R. HILL, Texas A & M University, for his paper entitled "Dispersal and speciation in Malvastrum (Malvaceae). "
The 1979 recipient of the George R. Cooley Award is:
MICHAEL DONOGHUE, Harvard University, for his paper entitled "Growth patterns in Viburnum (Caprifoliaceae) and their taxonomic significance."
PHYSIOLOGICAL SECTION AWARD
DAVID D. BIESBOER, Indiana University, for his paper entitled "Production of sterols by callus cultures of Euphorbia tirucalli L."
PTERIDOLOGICAL SECTION AWARD
CHRISTOPHER H. HAUFLER, University of Kansas, for his paper entitled "Biosystematic study of Bommeria and its significance to the delimitation of suprageneric groups."
Barbara D. Webster
¹Total represents 1st 6 months savings and interest, plus $50,000 transferred from account and entered as regular savings and CDs, minus $27,000 withdrawn for $25,000 advance on China Visit and $2,000 to checking account.
The program presented at Stillwater essentially represents the report of the Program Director. Many have contributed to this program, most importantly the secretaries and/or program chairpersons of the sections. Most helpful and greatly appreciated were the guidelines and information provided by Dr. Shirley Tucker, past Program Director; because of her assistance, many aspects of the overall program were facilitated. The assistance and advice of Dr. Pat Holmgren, Secretary, and Dr. Barbara Webster, Treasurer, are gratefully acknowledged, as are the efforts of Dr. Paul Richardson, our local representative.
It is instructive to analyze this program and compare it with that of the meeting last year at Blacksburg. Although early indications suggested that fewer papers would be submitted, this did not prove to be the case. At Blacksburg, a total of 270 papers were presented, 203 as contributed papers plus 67 in symposia. In the program for 1979, a total of 278 papers were presented with 215 as contributed papers and 63 in symposia. When the joint meetings of the Systematic Section and the ASPT are included, the additional 103 contributed papers plus 15 symposium presentations, raise the total to 396 and the joint meeting of the Phycological Section and the PSA added an additional 90 contributed papers plus 10 symposium presentations. Thus in terms of number of papers, the 1979 meetings were almost twice as large as that of 1978.
Initial exchanges have taken place concerning program development for the joint meeting of the Botanical Society of America with the Canadian Botanical Society next year at Vancouver, British Columbia. The meetings are titled BOTANY-80. Dr. Janet Stein has been appointed as our local representative.
1. Manuscript status, 1 July 1978-30 June 1979
The average time between submission and publication is 6-8 months. The average time between final acceptance and publication is 3-4 months.
2. The category of Special Papers has been successful, and I would hope that such papers will continue to be published. The response from Corresponding Members has been excellent. I strongly recommend that Sectional representatives of the Editorial Committee assist in generating manuscripts for this type of paper.
3. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to members of the Editorial Committee and to all reviewers during the past four and one-half years. I am impressed with their cooperative spirit and dedication, and their assistance is gratefully acknowledged.
4. Effective with the January 1980 issue, the new Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Botany will be Dr. Knut Norstog of the Fairchild Tropical Garden in Florida.
Richard A. Popham
The primary activity of the Education Committee for 1978-1979 was to clarify the role of the Committee, which has operated without written directives. The following statement incorporates the views of the present committee.
The Education Committee shall 1) answer all inquiries made to the Botanical Society concerning Botany as a profession; 2) act to promote Botany as a profession by maintenance of a booklet available to the public on career opportunities in Botany. The booklet shall be reviewed periodically by the Committee for possible revision; 3) act as an advisory and policy committee on educational questions referred to it by the Society; 4) undertake for the Society activities of educational interest.
The newly-revised Careers in Botany booklet, edited by Dr. William Stern and a sub-committee of the 1978 Education Committee, is an excellent aid. The Committee encourages members of the Botanical Society to have an office copy available for student consultation and to see that their college or university counseling service is provided with a copy. Individual copies of the careers booklet are available at no cost from the Secretary of the Society; bulk orders are filled at $0.25 per copy.
The Education Committee suggests four topics for its activities with joint sponsorship with the Teaching Section. Possible future programs can include one or more of the following: 1) a panel discussion on The Fine Art of Grant Writing directed to graduate students with panel members representing granting agencies; 2) a symposium on employment opportunities for Botany majors with speakers from government, business, industry and a university career counseling center; 3) a workshop on innovative use of sophisticated slide materials, other visual equipment, etc., by industry representatives; 4) a survey of undergraduate biology programs with a goal of developing models which will ensure adequate representation of botanical subjects.
The Conservation Committee was charged with the task of defining its goals and suggesting future projects. The Committee has defined environmental issues of special concern to botanists:
1. Lack of societal awareness of indigenous plants as worthy of conservation due to a general denigration of botany as a subject (at least in urban areas), historical antagonism to natural vegetation, insufficient appreciation of the role of native plant species (except trees) as natural resources for their storage products or for their pool of genetic diversity, or as indicators of environmental deterioration.
2. Wholesale devastation of the landscape in the pursuit of a single resource or perceived public good, which has led to the loss of other potential resources. How can we make decision-makers aware of the waste of resources?
3. How can we maintain and enhance the integration or appreciation for house and garden plants as objects of beauty and usefulness with general environmental concerns?
4. How can we relate conservation of individual plant taxa with the need to preserve habitats?
5. How may our efforts to preserve habitats be united with efforts to ensure open spaces for hiking, canoeing, photography and other outdoors activities?
6. How can we prevent conflict between recreation needs and conservation/ research/ education needs?
7. How should the Botanical Society make available the expertise of its members in addressing national problems of plant conservation?
1. Summary of membership to 30 June 1979
Membership by Sections
2. A major focus of concern was the formulation of a program of awards to undergraduate students who demonstrate excellence in botanical studies. Two hundred and six colleges and universities having plant science, botany or biology departments were contacted and invited to nominate students for the award. Forty-four departments responded, nominating 76 students. Appropriate citations were prepared and sent, with a covering letter, to each awardee. Eighteen of the awardees joined the Society.
The Young Botanists Recognition Award Program will be continued in 1980. Members and departments are urged to provide the Treasurer, Dr. Barbara Webster, with the names of seniors who have distinguished themselves in botanical studies. Each nominee's name should be accompanied by a
brief nomination citation. The deadline for receipt of nominations is 15 February 1980, and letters and certificates will be sent by 1 April 1980. The membership committee notes that the publicity given awardees on their own campuses reinforces the image of botany.
3. The membership committee contacted all persons nominated to serve on Society committees who were not members of the Society. Most of these individuals noted that their membership had inadvertently lapsed and they promptly rejoined.
4. Dues notice
The 1980 National Tropical Short Course of the Foliage Education and Research Foundation will be held in Orlando, FL at the Sheraton Twin Towers. Information can be obtained from Jean Pate, Program Coordinator, Foliage Education and Research Foundation, Inc., 32 E. Third St., Apopka, FL 32703.
The Thirteenth International Botanical Congress will be held 21-28 August 1981 in Sydney, Australia. The first circular which provides general information on accommodations, meals, travel and the scientific program is currently available. It may be obtained from the Secretary of the Botanical Society, Dr. Patricia Holmgren, by sending her a #10 envelope with your name and address and bearing adequate postage. Correspondence may also be initiated directly with the Executive Secretary of the Congress, Dr. W. J. Cram, 13th International Botanical Congress, University of Sydney, N.S.W. 2006, Sydney, Australia.
The First World Congress of Folk Medicine is being organized by the Peruvian Association of Medical Ethnology 1and History of Medicine. The Congress will be held in Lima, Iquitos and Cuzco from 27 October to 2 November 1979. Contact: General Secretariat, World Congress of Folk Medicine, P.O. Box 5231, Lima 18, Peru.
The VIIth Conference of the Asian Pacific Weed Science Society will be held 26-30 November in Sydney, Australia. Contact The Secretary, P.O. Box 287, Haymarket, NSW 2001, Australia.
The Second Institutional Symposium on post-harvest physiology of cut flowers will be held in Davis, CA in August 1980. Contact Prof. A. M. Kofranek, Dept. Environmental Horticulture, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.
An International Symposium on Isotope and Radiation Techniques in Studies of Soils will be held in Vienna, Austria on 21-25 April 1980. Contact John H. Kane, International 'Technical Information Office, Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20545.
The VIth International Histo- and Cytochemical Congress will be held in Brighton, England on 17-22 August 1980. Contact Secretariat, Royal Microscopical Society, 37.38 St. Clements, Oxford OX4 lAJ, United Kingdom.
A conference on the Origin and Evolution of Eukaryotic Intracellular Organelles will be held in New York on 22-24 January 1980 under the sponsorship of the New York Academy of Sciences with Drs. J. F. Fredrick and R. M. Klein as co-chairpersons. Contact Conference Department, New York Academy of Sciences, 2 E. 63rd St., New York, NY 10021.
The VIth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Cyrophysiology of Higher Plant Reproduction will be held at the University of Lublin, Poland to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the University. The Symposium will be held 5-8 June 1980. Contact Prof. B. Rodkiewicz, Instytut Biologii, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland.
A PLANT SYSTEMATICIST is being sought by the Department of Plant Science, Macdonald College, McGill University for a tenure-stream position. Teaching duties will include undergraduate courses in Plant Systematics, Morphology and General Biology of Organisms (plant oriented), and a graduate course in Advanced Systematic Botany or other as developed by the appointee. The appointee will also hold the position of Curator of the McGill Herbarium with approximately 100,000 specimens. Appointment will be made at the Assistant Professor level. Applicants must have a Ph.D. or expect to receive it shortly in plant science with a major in plant systematics/botany. A complete curriculum vitae, a short statement of research interest and names of three referees should be sent to Prof. W. F. Grant, Chairman, Selection Committee, Department of Plant Science, Macdonald Cam- pus, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X lC0, Canada. Closing date for application, 1 November 1979 or later if position not filled.
THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION has announced programs of higher education and research training for 1980-1981. The biological sciences include fellowships in the systematics of fossil plants, radiation biology, plant physiology, tropical biology, ecology and field biology. Awards are based on merit and are open to qualified individuals without reference to color, race, religion, sex or national origin. Information and application forms can be obtained from The Office of Fellowships and Grants, Smithsonian Institution, 3300 L'Enfant Plaza, Washington, DC 20560. Applicants should indicate the area of research and give the dates of degrees received or expected. Applications are due 15 January 1980.
FOREIGN CURRENCY GRANTS PROGRAM OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION offers opportunities for research support in Burma, Guinea, India and Pakistan in systematic and environmental biology. For information write to the Foreign Currency Program, Office of Fellowships and Grants, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.
THE CENTER FOR WOMAN SCHOLARS, funded by the Woman's Educational Act, U.S. Office of Education of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare is designed to promote educational equity for women in the U.S. As part of this national goal, the Center was awarded a grant to develop a center for woman scholars. The Center is offering a prize of $500 for the best article of not more than 5000 words on solutions to the problems of the woman scholar. Information and submissions should be addressed to Dr. Monika Kehoe, Editor, Center for Woman Scholars, AMERICAS Behavioral Research Corporation, 300 Broadway, Suite 23, San Francisco, CA 94133.
THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES is administrating a program to sponsor 15 Summer Research Internships which match interested high-school students with science-related, eight-week positions in local hospitals, medical and technical laboratories and research facilities. Funding came from International Paper Co. and several private donors. Information can be obtained from Sidney Borowitz, Executive Director, New York Academy of Sciences, 2 E. 63rd St., New York, NY 10021.
DR. OLLE BJÖRKMAN of the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Plant Biology at Stanford, CA has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences for his studies on plant stress photosynthesis.
DR. H. W. VOGELMANN of the Department of Botany, University of Vermont received one of the American Motors Corp. 1979 Conservation Awards.
DR. HAYDEN N. PRITCHARD, Associate Professor of Biology at Lehigh University was the recipient of the Bernard A. Briody, Jr. award for outstanding teaching.
The Nomenclature Secretariat of the International Mycology Association appoints subcommittees of interested persons to examine the problems in the application of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature to fungi (including lichens). A proposal has been made that the 'Nomenclature of fossil fungi' is urgently in need of review. The Secretariat is prepared to create a subcommittee to this effect and requests all persons active in, or interested in, the fossil fungi to notify the Chairman of their willingness to serve on the subcommittee. Contact Dr. K. T. van Warmelo, Chairman, Nomenclature Secretariat, Rand Afrikaans University, P.O. Box 524, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa.
Charles Christian Amankwah of the Government Health centre, P.O. Box 24, Tuaso--A.A.; GHANA is attempting to obtain textbooks in all areas of biology for use by students.
A Centre for Canadian Historical Horticultural Studies has been established at the Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3H8, Canada through the sponsorship of the Dunington Grubb Foundation. Information on persons who have made contributions to horticulture in Canada should contact the Director of the Gardens, Mr. L. Laking.