Announcements: Obituaries

In Memoriam

The Botanical Society has been notified that Corresponding Member

Dr. Lawrence A. S. Johnson

of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Australia, passed away August 1, 1997

Charles E. Turner, 1945-1997

We are deeply saddened to report the death of our friend and colleague, Charley Turner. Charley passed away at only 51 on April 15, 1997 after a three month struggle with colon-liver cancer. He leaves his wife Jacqueline Johnson Turner and young sons Matthew and Adam.

Charles Edward Turner was born in Washington D.C. on Sept. 21, 1945. He grew up in Indianapolis, Indiana where the beauty of the woodlands of Indiana stimulated his interest in nature. Charley received his BA in biology at Wabash College, Indiana in 1967. He briefly considered becoming a physician, took medical school entrance examinations and scored high enough to have his choice of medical schools, but decided instead to continue to study biology. Charley attended the University of composite inflorescence Washington in Seattle and received a Masters in Botany in 1969. He went to the University of California at Berkeley to study plant breeding systems with Herbert Baker and received his Ph.D. in Botany in 1981. His dissertation research was on the breeding systems of Sagittaria, weeds of rice fields of the central valley of California.

Charley's association with the USDA-ARS began in 1981, when he came to the Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory, Albany to do postdoctoral studies on conflicts of interests in biological control of weeds with Lloyd Andres. In 1983, he was hired as a staff scientist in that lab, where he worked primarily on biological control of yellowstar thistle using insects. In 1995, he became the director of the USDA-ARS Biological Control Laboratory in Brisbane, Australia, where he directed the effort against Melaleuca quinquenervia, an invasive weed in the Florida Everglades.

Although trained in Botany, Charley had broad interests. He was interested in wild plants, weeds, insects, biological control, mutualisms between arthropods and plants, birds, and much more. He remained active in basic botany; he contributed the Alismataceae section and coauthored the Cardueae (the thistle tribe of the Asteraceae) for the new Jepson's flora of California, the standard work for that region. As an ecologist, he helped rediscover the leaf domatia-beneficial mite mutualism, a widespread antiherbivore defense used by woody plants. Charley's biological control research resulted in a number of new insects for yellowstar thistle, some of which are already impacting the weed. One of his most important areas of research was on the potential and real effects of introduced biological control agents on nontarget native plants. This work has contributed and will continue to contribute to the improvement of the practice of biological control of weeds.

Charley was active in his community. He was president of the board of the San Francisco League of Urban Gardeners, a group that assisted inner city children to relate to nature through gardening. For many years, Charley taught a popular spring wild flower course at the University of California, and was involved in many other regional professional groups. His orientation to the natural world was a appealing mixture of basic science, problem solving for agriculture, conservation, and aesthetics.

Charley was a very able biologist and a fine colleague who understood cooperative research. He was a warm and thoughtful person, a kind and respected man. He will be very missed by his colleagues, friends and family.

- Robert W. Pemberton,
USDA-ARS, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, and
- Suzanne Koptur,
Florida Intemational University, Miami, Florida

Richard M. Klein, 1923-1997


Long-time Botanical Society member Dr. Richard M. Klein, Professor Emeritus at the University of Vermont, passed away September 4, 1997. Along with others, Dr. Klein was instrumental in establishing the Society's Developmental Section. He was quite active in the Society, serving as a Council Member and as Chair of the Developmental Section and the Committee on Education. Dr. Klein served as Editor of PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN from 1975 to 1980.

Following Army service during WWII, Dr. Klein attended the University of Chicago, earning his B.S. and M.S. in Botany, followed by his Ph.D. in botany and Biochemistry. He joined the New York Botanical Garden as a Curator, and in 1958 he was named A. H. Caspary Curator of Plant Physiology. In 1967 Dr. Klein was appointed Professor at the University of Vermont where he remained until his retirement in 1992.

In addition to his generous service to the Botanical Society, Dr. Klein was active in number of other positions. Among these were service as a Council Member of the Society for Economic Botany, Council Member of the American Society for Photobiology, and Council Member of the Developmental Biology Society, Treasurer of the Society for Economic Botany, Chair of the Northeast Section of the American Society of Plant Physiologists, and Co-Chair of the Northeast Photobiology Group. Dr. Klein served as Associate Editor of the Botanical Review and was on the Editorial Boards of Economic Botany and Environmental and Experimental Botany. From 1972-1974, Dr. Klein served as Vermont Environmental Commissioner.

Dr. Klein received a number of honors including the Bausch and Lomb Science Medal, American Men and Women in Science, and Who's Who in the East. He was a Corresponding Member of the Canadian Society of Plant Physiology.

During his academic career, Dr. Klein was an editor or author of ten books including important monographs such as Plant Growth Regulation (1961) and Phylogenesis and morphogenesis in the Algae (1970) and such widely used plant texts as The Green World (1979, 1987) and Fundamentals of Plant Science (1987). He also was author or co-author of over 130 research publications as well as many popular articles on plant science.

Dick Klein is survived by his widow, Deana T. Klein of South Burlington, Vermont, retired Professor (biology) at St. Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont.

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